IASCLUB Daily Current Affairs : 08 April 2019

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Rajasthan to execute business reforms plan on time

Topic :  GS Paper – II Polity 

The government in Rajasthan has decided to execute the Business Reforms Action Plan (BRAP) on time this year.

Details:

• The move is aimed at facilitating ease of business in order to maintain the State’s ranking as one of the top achievers in the field.

• The World Bank has been giving the ranking to the States in consultation with the Union Government since 2015.

• It was said that the works and services for improving the ease of business would be completed by June 15 to ensure high ranking in the key areas, involving 80 action points laid down this year, on which the feedback would be obtained.

• It is also found that as many as six departments of the State government were involved in the implementation of BRAP.

• Rajasthan was one among the Top achievers in Ease of doing business ranking of states of India 2018.

• The 2018 list was topped by Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Haryana.

Ease of doing business ranking of states of India:

• It is the annual ease of doing business index of states and union territories of India based on the completion percentage scores of action items points of annual Business Reforms Action Plan (BRAP) under the make in India initiative.

• This ranking of states has been done by World Bank since 2015 and facilitated by the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions of Government of India based on the progress of states in completing annual reform action plan covering 8 key areas which has a number of points that vary every year.

• The World Bank ranks individual nations on the Ease of doing business index.

• The ranking of states is not done on same criteria as ranking of nations.

• Ranking of states does not reflect the level of business-conducive nature of the states, it reflects the willingness of states to reform and attract investments.

Road accidents still cause most deaths

Topic :  GS Paper – II Polity 

The World Health Organisation has said that over 1.35 mn lives are lost in a year owing to road accidents.

More in News :

• Road accidents are the leading cause of death among people in the 5-29 age-group worldwide with more than 1.35 million lives lost each year and 50 million sustaining injuries, according to a WHO report released during the on-going global road safety week.

• What makes matters worse for India is the fact that since 2008, India has maintained the dubious distinction of being world number one in road crash deaths.

• In 2015, India became a signatory to the Brasilia Declaration on Road Safety, where she committed to halving road crash deaths by 2020.

• A member of Save LIFE foundation said that India has not even addressed the full scale of the problem.

• The data released by the Indian government, road crashes kill close to 1,50,000 people each year. However, the WHO global status report on road safety had challenged the numbers and stated that India might be losing over 2,99,000 people each year.

Major causes of increase in road accident death toll:

• Rapid urbanisation

• Poor safety

• Lack of enforcement of rules

• Riding/ driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol

• Speeding

• Not paying heed to safety measures such as wearing seat-belts or helmets.

India is in the midst of a major pandemic and the need of the hour is strong political will and leadership to address the issue. Simply blaming individual drivers will not help when the existing systems in which they are forced to operate are outdated.

Panel report that cleared CJI must be made public: ex-CIC

Topic :  GS Paper – II Polity 

Have right to copy of Bobde panel report

More in News :

The Supreme Court in-house panel gave CJI a clean chit stating that there was “no substance” found in the sexual harassment allegations raised against him by a staff member of the Supreme Court.

Background:

• The Supreme Court said the committee’s report would be kept confidential. As part of the in-house procedure, the report would not be placed in the public domain.

• It said copies of the report were given to Chief Justice Gogoi and the “next senior judge competent to receive the report”, that is Justice Arun Mishra who is the fourth senior most judge.

• It was announced that even the complainant will not be provided a copy of the report.

• The Supreme Court quoted its reported decision of 2003 in Indira Jaising versus Supreme Court of India, which had held that an in-house inquiry report was “discreet” and “not for the purpose of disclosure to any other person”.

Issue:

• The complainant has stated that she has the right to know how, why and on what basis have the Lordships found her complaint to have ‘no substance’.

• The woman has appealed that if a copy of the report is being given to the CJI directly or indirectly, she is also entitled to a copy thereof in any case.

• Her letter said “The Sexual Harassment of Women at the Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013, in Section 13 provides that both parties have a right to receive a copy of the report. Not providing a copy to the complainant while holding her complaint to be unfounded would be a violation of the principles of natural justice and a complete travesty of justice,”

• She said the Supreme Court is relying on a judgment which pre-dates the Right to Information (RTI) Act of 2005 which mandates the fundamental right to information.

Details:

• Former Central Information Commissioner Sridhar Acharyulu has called for the public release of the report of the Supreme Court’s in-house inquiry committee, stating that it is a very important issue of transparency and good governance in judiciary.

• Apart from issues of principles of natural justice, Mr. Acharyulu said that the committee’s verdict raised several concerns about information rights as well.

• As per Indira Jaising order, the enquiry into Mysore incident was informal and only to gather some information from colleague judges, but in this case, it is a statutorily mandated inquiry and it is not opinion collection or information gathering.

• He also added that the 2003 order also pre-dated the Right to Information Act, which only has an exemption for information that would impede the investigation or prosecution process, which would not apply in this case.

• The CJI in this case was not seeking views of peer judges, but three judges constituted a committee to inquire into an allegation against the CJI, it is not official secret and has to be made public, the statement said.

• When the committee is convinced that there was no substance in allegation, it has a duty to give reasons for their decision and to convince the people in general about the correctness of their conclusion.

Editorial Section :

Prisoner of procedure: on CJI sexual harassment case – The Hindu

Belt and Road 2.0 – The Hindu

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