IASCLUB PIB News Summary : 01 July 2019

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Indian side of Kailash Mansoravar has been included in Tentative List of World Heritage Sites of India:

Proposal for ‘Sacred Mountain Landscape and Heritage Routes’ (Indian side of Kailash Mansoravar) has been included in Tentative List of World Heritage Sites of India as a Mixed site in April, 2019.

More in news:

  • As per UNESCO’s Operational Guidelines 2017, a site must be on tentative list of UNESCO at least for a period of one year before proposing it for final nomination.
  • Once the nomination dossier is completed, it is sent to the World Heritage Centre (WHC) by the stipulated deadline of 01 February of a calendar year. In furtherance an expert of the respective field in cultural & natural fields is deputed for the evaluation of site by WHC. Accordingly, decision of permanent inclusion of any site in World Heritage list is taken by the members of the World heritage committee.

National Common Mobility Card

The National Common Mobility Card (NCMC) has been launched in India with the tagline of ‘One Nation One Card’ on March 04, 2019.

More in news:

  • The High level Committee on Deepening of Digital Payments (CDDP) under chairmanship of Shri Nandan Nilekani has, inter-alia, also recommended that NCMC cards be usable at all transit locations. All new metro, and transit payments should be made interoperable through NCMC.
  • The NCMC card has 2 instruments on ita regular debit card which can be used at an ATM, and a local wallet (stored value account), which can be used for contactless payments, without the need to go back to the server or additional authentication. It is envisioned that a single card will be usable for all local travel needs across the country.
  • The National Common Mobility Card is an open loop card, which can be used for all local travel needs in the country. This is aimed at low value payments for various segments e.g. Transit, Smart cities, Toll, Parking and other low value merchant payments, in addition to the normal day to day retail payments. The vision behind the introduction of this card is to have interoperability, based on open standards.
  • There is provision of storing money on the card, which can be used for contactless payments across various use cases like toll transit, parking etc. The wallet where money is stored is referred as Global/Card wallet. Also, any refund pertaining to the transactions done using global/card wallet will be credited in the replica of the wallet maintained at bank”s end, which further can be added to Global/Card Wallet by the customer.

Various steps has been taken to promote Regional Languages in Higher Education

The university level text books are being translated and published in all the 22 languages of Eighth Schedule of Constitution of India under various schemes of Government of India.

The Government has taken the following steps to promote regional languages in higher education courses in the country:-

  • The Commission for Scientific and Technical Terminology (CSTT) is providing publication grant towards the publications of University Level Books in regional languages.  So far books have been published in eleven Indian languages viz. (1) Assamese (2) Bengali (3) Gujarati (4) Hindi (5) Kannada (6)   Malayalam (7) Marathi (8) Oriya (9) Punjabi (10) Tamil (11) Telugu
  • The National Translation Mission (NTM) is being implemented through the Central Institute of Indian Languages (CIIL), Mysore under which the books of knowledge texts mostly text books of various subjects prescribed in Universities and Colleges are being translated in all Languages of the 8thSchedule of the Constitution of India.
  • The University Grants Commission (UGC) also promotes regional languages in higher education courses in the country and supports nine Central Universities under the scheme “Establishment of Centre for Endangered Languages in Central Universities”.

The Government has taken following measures to promote the use of Sanskrit language in India:

  • Providing financial assistance to Adarsh Sanskrit Mahavidyalayas/Shodha Sansthans.
  • Award of merit scholarships to student of Sanskrit Pathasala to College level.
  • Financial  assistance to NGOs/Higher Educational Institutions of Sanskrit for various Research Projects/Programmes.
  • Retired eminent Sanskrit scholars are engaged under the Shastra Chudamani  scheme for teaching.
  • Sanskrit is also taught through Non-formal Sanskrit Education (NFSE) programme, by setting up Non Formal Sanskrit learning centres, in reputed institutions like Indian Institutes Technology, Ayurveda institutions, Modern Colleges and Universities.
  • Presidential awards for Sanskrit Language are awarded annually to 16 senior scholars and to 5 young scholars
  • Financial Assistance for Publication, Reprint of rare Sanskrit books
  • Ashtaadashi containing eighteen projects for sustaining the growth of Sanskrit has been implemented

Various Digital Platforms have been made available by MHRD for Digital reading

The Ministry of Human Resource Development has following three schemes in this regard:

Shodhganga

  • It is a digital repository for research scholars across Universities and Institutes to deposit, re-use & share their Theses & Dissertations in digital formats including scanned documents. It is in open access to the world-wide academic community.

Shodhgangotri

  • Under this initiative, research scholars / research supervisors in universities could deposit an electronic version of approved synopsis submitted by research scholars to the universities for registering themselves under the Ph.D. programme. Synopses in Shodhgangotri would later be mapped to full-text thesis in Shodhganga.

National Digital Library (NDL)

  • “National Digital Library (NDL) in India” aims to collect, preserve and disseminate entire intellectual output of our country and provide online access from school level to postgraduate level, including technical education.
  • Under this scheme, meta-data of e-resources within and outside the country are made available to the learners, on anyone, anytime, anywhere access mode. Some licensed resources as well as resources having no copyright violation are provided as complete document in digital formats, including scanned documents. Students across various Institutions are significantly benefited.
  • Currently, there are more than 3 crore digital resources available through the NDL. The contents cover almost all major domains of education and all major levels of learners including life-long learners. More than 50 lakh students have registered themselves in the NDL, with about 20 lakhs active users. The NDL is available through a mobile app too.

Various steps Taken to Address Grievances of Workers

The Ministry has taken steps for drafting four Labour Codes on Wages; Industrial Relations; Social Security; and Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions respectively, by simplifying, amalgamating and rationalizing the relevant provisions of the existing Central Labour Laws.

  • The 4 Labour Codes contain provisions relating to wage, social security, safety, health and grievance redressal mechanism for workers.
  • Besides, redressal machinery as envisaged in various Labour Acts, the following on-line portal, mobile App, etc address the grievances of workers:-
  • CPGRAMS (Centralized Public Grievance Redress And Monitoring System) – CPGRAMS is the platform which primarily aims to enable submission of grievances by the aggrieved citizens including of workers from anywhere and anytime (24×7) basis to Ministries/Departments/ Organisations who scrutinize and take action for speedy and favorable redressal of these grievances.
  • EPFiGMS (EPF i Grievance Management System) – It is a customised portal with an aim to redress grievances for the services provided by EPFO (Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation).
  • UMANG (Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance) APP – The services of EPFO (Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation)for subscribers have been integrated and offered through UMANG application of Government of India.
  • PENCIL (Platform for Effective Enforcement for No Child Labour) Portal – Online complaints regarding Child labour can be filed by anybody on the PENCIL Portal. The complaint gets assigned to the concerned Nodal Officer automatically by the system for rescual, rehabilitation and mainstreaming of the child labourer.
  • Shram Suvidha Portal – It operates a transparent risk based Online Labour Inspection Service for effective enforcement of Labour Laws so as to ensure wage security, job security, social security and various other safety, health and welfare measures.

To address the labour issues, the steps undertaken by Government during the last few years are as follows:-

  • Under Payment of Bonus Amendment Act, eligibility limit for payment of bonus enhanced from Rs 10000/- to Rs. 21000/- per month and the Calculation Ceiling from Rs. 3500/- to Rs. 7000/- or the minimum wages.
  • Payment of Wages (Amendment) Act, 2017 enabling payment of Wages to employees by Cash or Cheque or crediting it to their bank account.
  • Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016 provides for complete ban on employment of children below 14 years in any occupation or process.
  • Maternity Benefit Amendment Act, 2017, increases the paid maternity leave from 12 weeks to 26 weeks.
  • The Employee Compensation (Amendment) Act, seeks to rationalize penalties and strengthen the rights of the workers under the Act.
  • The Payment of Gratuity (Amendment) Act, 2018, provides flexibility to the Central
  • Government to increase the ceiling limit of gratuity to such amount as may be notified from time to time. The ceiling limit of gratuity has been increased from Rs. 10 Lakh to 20 Lakh vide Notification dated 29th March, 2018.

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