IASCLUB PIB News Summary : 06 September 2019

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PM to launch National Animal Disease Control Programme for Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi will be launching National Animal Disease Control Programme for Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis on 11 September 2019 in Mathura. He will also launch National Artificial Insemination Programme during the event.

More in news:

  • National Animal Disease Control Programme for Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis is a 100% centrally funded programme, with a total outlay of Rs.12,652 crore from 2019 to 2024.
  • It aims to control Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis by 2025 with vaccination and eventual eradication by 2030.

About Foot-and-mouth disease:

  • Foot-and-mouth disease is an infectious and sometimes fatal viral disease that affects cloven-hoofed animals, including domestic and wild bovids. The virus causes a high fever for two or three days, followed by blisters inside the mouth and on the feet that may rupture and cause lameness.
  • Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) has severe implications for animal farming, since it is highly infectious and can be spread by infected animals through aerosols, through contact with contaminated farming equipment, vehicles, clothing, or feed, and by domestic and wild predators.
  • The virus responsible for the disease is a picornavirus, the prototypic member of the genus Aphthovirus.The virus is genetically highly variable, which limits the effectiveness of vaccination.
  • Susceptible animals include cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, pigs, antelope, deer, and bison.
  • Humans are very rarely infected.

Can Humans be affected?

  • Humans can be infected with foot-and-mouth disease through contact with infected animals, but this is extremely rare. Symptoms of FMD in humans include malaise, fever, vomiting, red ulcerative lesions (surface-eroding damaged spots) of the oral tissues, and sometimes vesicular lesions (small blisters) of the skin.

Brucellosis:

  • Brucellosis is a dreadful disease caused by genus of bacteria known as Brucella.
  • It infects various species of Brucella cows, buffalos, goats, sheep, pigs, dogs and other animals and also human.
  • Human become infected by this disease by coming in contact with animals or animal products (meat and milk) contaminated with these bacteria.
  • The persons who are exposed to high risk of brucellosis infection are dairy man, veterinarians, butchers and other animal handlers.
  • Symptoms are similar to the flu and may include fever, headache, sweats, back pain and physical weakness. In case of severe infections of the central nervous system (CNS) or lining of the heart may also occur.

Fifth Day of COP14 reflects upon importance of organic agriculture in combating land degradation

The fifth day of the 14th Conference of Parties (COP14) to United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) at India Expo Centre & Mart, Greater Noida brought forth discussions on important matters concerning how to reverse land degradation.

More in news:

  • The UNCCD, the World Future Council (WFC) and IFOAM – Organics International convenedan event, which pointed out how agro ecology and organic agriculture in India and the Himalayas enhance fertile landscapes, protect biodiversity and improve living conditions of the local people.
  • Contributing to the objectives of UNCCD’s conference i.e. UNCCD COP14, the event showcased, in particular, innovative policies that support the much needed transformation of food systems in India and the Himalayas, and thereby help achieve the land degradation neutrality target and improve the living conditions of people affected by desertification. Amongst the policies featured are Sikkim as the first 100% organic state in the world, which received the UN backed Future Policy Gold Award in 2018, and the 100% organic farming goals of Bhutan.
  • The India Pavilion at the UNCCD COP14also saw discussion on Renewable Energy in India – towards sustainable energy transition & combating Desertification conducted by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE).
  • Meanwhile, the Rio Conventions Pavilion held a technical session on mapping of Sand and Dust Storms (SDS) with discussions on SDS covering major concerns such as priority in detecting SDS sources, challenges in soil texture information & definition of free surfaces. Events in the Pavilion, which take place throughout the day, focus exclusively on synergies among the Rio Conventions on Climate Change, Biological Diversity and Desertification.
  • The Conference also witnessed an interactive session by Committee of the Whole (COW): A working group set up by COPto facilitate discussions on issues concerning land management.

Background:

  • India is the host country of UNCCD COP14 beginning from 2nd to 13th September 2019.
  • The Prime Minister, Shri NarendraModi will inaugurate the high-level segment meeting on 9th September, 2019 and will also address the August gathering at the Conference.
  • Union Minister for Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEF&CC), Shri Prakash Javadekar earlier stated that good outcomes are expected of the UNCCD which will be notified in the Delhi Declaration.

About UNCCD:

  • The UNCCD is an international agreement on good land stewardship. It helps people, communities and countries to create wealth, grow economies and secure enough food and water and energy, by ensuring land users have an enabling environment for sustainable land management. Through partnerships, the Convention’s 197 Parties set up robust systems to manage drought promptly and effectively. Good land stewardship based on a sound policy and science helps integrate and accelerate the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals, builds resilience to climate change and prevents biodiversity loss.
  • The Convention entered into force in December 1996. It is one of the three Rio Conventions along with United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).
  • India became a signatory to UNCCD on 14th October 1994 and ratified it on 17th December 1996.

6th India-China Strategic Economic Dialogue to be held from 7-9 September 2019

The 6th India-China Strategic Economic Dialogue(SED) will be held in New Delhi from 7-9 September 2019.

More in news:

  • The Dialogue will comprise of round table meetings of Joint Working Groups (JWG) on Infrastructure, Energy, High-Tech, Resource Conservation, Pharmaceuticals and Policy coordination followed by technical site visits and closed door G2G meetings.The Indian side will be led by Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog and the Chinese side by Chairman, NDRC. Senior representatives from policy making, industry and academia will participate in the Dialogue from both sides.

Structure:

  • NITI Aayog (earlier Planning Commission) on the Indian side and National Development and Reforms Commission (NDRC) on the Chinese side lead the SED Mechanism wherein an annual Dialogue is held annually alternately at the capital cities of the two countries. At the 2nd SED which was held in November 2012  at New Delhi, it was decided to constitute 5 standing Joint Working Groups (JWGs) on Policy Coordination, Infrastructure, Environment, Energy, and High Technology under the SED for strengthening cooperation in these fields. A 6th Joint Working Group on Pharmaceuticals has also been constituted after the 5thSED.

Background:

  • Set up between erstwhile Planning Commission and the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), China during the visit of Chinese Prime Minister Wen Jiabao to India in December 2010, the SED has since then served as an effective mechanism for enhancing bilateral practical cooperation. NITI Aayog after its formation has taken the Dialogue forward giving it a greater momentum. Under the aegis of the SED, senior representatives from both sides come together to constructively deliberate on and share individual best practices and successfully identify sector-specific challenges and opportunities for enabling ease of doing business and facilitating bilateral trade and investment flows.
  • Six standing Joint Working Groups with Co-Chairs (of the rank of Joint Secretary and above) are appointed by both sides to address pertinent economic and commercial issues across infrastructure, energy, high-tech, resource conservation, pharmaceuticals and policy coordination in a structured and outcome-oriented manner by ensuring regular interaction and continued exchangesbetween respective counterparts.

5thSED:

  • The 5th SED was held in Beijing on April 14 2018 right before the informal Wuhan Summit between the leaders of the two countries.

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