IASCLUB PIB News Summary : 23 September 2019

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Government launches ‘UMMID’ initiative to tackle inherited genetic diseases of new born babies

The Union Minister for Science & Technology, Earth Sciences and Health & Family Welfare, Dr. Harsh Vardhan todaylaunched UMMID (Unique Methods of Management and treatment of Inherited Disorders) initiative and inaugurated NIDAN (National Inherited Diseases Administration)Kendras, which is being supported by Department of Biotechnology (DBT),M/o Science and Technology.

Key points:

  • With a very large population and high birth rate, and consanguineous marriage favored in many communities, prevalence of genetic disorders is high in India, the UMMID initiative aims :
  • To establish NIDAN Kendras to provide counselling, prenatal testing and diagnosis, management, and multidisciplinary care in Government Hospitals wherein the influx of patients is more.
  • to produce skilled clinicians in Human Genetics, and
  • To undertake screening of pregnant women and new born babies for inherited genetic diseases in hospitals at aspirational districts.
  • As a part of this initiative, in the first phase, five NIDAN Kendras have been established to provide comprehensive clinical care.
  • Training Centres at Madras Medical Mission- Chennai; SGPGIMS- Lucknow; CDFD – Hyderabad; AIIMS- New Delhi; MAMC- New Delhi; NIIH- Mumbai and CMC Vellore have been supported to provide training in Biochemical Genetics, Cytogenetics, Molecular Genetics, and Clinical Genetics to the clinicians from government hospitals. Screening of 10,000 pregnant women and 5000 new born babies per year for inherited genetic diseases will be taken up at the following seven aspirational districts.
  • The department is planning to expand the program and establish more NidanKendras in other parts of the country, train more clinicians in clinical genetics and cover more aspirational districts for screening of pregnant women and new born babies for inherited genetic diseases to provide comprehensive clinical care.
  • In the next phase under this UMMID initiative.
  • The Government of India has launched the National Health Policy, 2017 aiming to shift focus from “sick-care” to “wellness”.  UMMID initiative shall work towards achieving wellness by promoting prevention of genetic diseases.

Pen-Paper Census’ to be transformed to a ‘Digital Census’ in Census 2021: Shri Amit Shah
Union Minister for Home Affairs, Shri Amit Shah presided as Chief Guest over the Foundation Stone laying ceremony of JangananaBhawan in New Delhi today.

Key point in this address:

  • ‘Pen-Paper Census’ would be transformed to a ‘Digital Census’ in the upcoming Census exercise by using the latest technology.
  • 2011 census also brought out that literacy rate in India increased to 74% and that India is a ‘Young Nation’.

Importance of the Census exercise:

  • The Home Minister gave the example of how the Census 2011 data was efficiently utilised under the Ujjwala Yojana. The LPG connection beneficiaries were mapped digitally and based on the data analysis, the government got to know about the disparity in the spatial distribution of LPG connections. Subsequently, a well planned LPG connection distribution process was initiated and today 8 crore LPG connections have been distributed in last 5 years and now over 95% of the people have gas connections, he said.
  • This exercise would lead to development in the Nation for next many decades to come and bring smiles to the people of the country.
  • 22 welfare schemes of the government have been mapped based on these Census figures only. Whether it is providing clean drinking water, road connectivity, electricity, opening bank branches or health and education infrastructure, sanitation or food and civil supply, the basic planning for delivery of public services is based on the Census data.
  • The importance of this vast exercise can be understood from the fact that the Government is going to spend around Rs. 12000 crores during the Census 2021 and developing the NPR, which is the highest ever. He further added that the officers of the RGI who are present here from across the country are responsible to make this digital census exercise a success. Everyone must realise the multi-dimensional uses and benefits of going digital in this exercise.
  • Shri Shah termed this exercise as a ‘RASHTRIYA YAGYA’, which requires a cooperative and collaborative effort by all officials and people of the country.
  • Shri NitinGadkari and Shri RK Singh inaugurate National Conclave on Energy Efficiency in MSME sector

The two-day Conclave is being organized by Bureau of Energy Efficiency(BEE) with participation from MSME entrepreneurs, Industry Associations, technology and service providers, sectoral energy experts and senior officials from the Government.

Key points:

  • The Ministers also released Energy Conservation Guidelines for MSMEs and launched the Knowledge Management Portal “SIDHIEE” under the BEE’s MSME Programme. This portal will host useful information including fifty videos of multimedia tutorials for MSMEs for early adoption of energy efficient technologies.

About BEE

  • THE BEE is a statutory body under the Ministry of Power, Government of India. It is assisted in developing policies and strategies with the primary objective of reducing the energy intensity of the Indian economy.
  • BEE coordinates with designated consumers, designated agencies, and other organization to identify and utilize the existing resources and infrastructure, in performing the functions assigned to it under the energy conservation act.



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